Scheduling For Credit Recover and Dropout Prevention

Dropping out means leaving high school, college, university or another group for practical reasons, necessities, or disillusionment with the system from which the individual in question leaves. 1.2 million students drop out of high school every year, many falling into a cycle of poverty, unemployment and violence. Sobering statistics on dropouts include:

· Every year, over 1.2 million students drop out of high school in the United States alone. That’s a student every 26 seconds – or 7,000 a day.[1]

· About 25% of high school freshmen fail to graduate from high school on time.[2]

· The U.S., which had some of the highest graduation rates of any developed country, now ranks 22nd out of 27 developed countries.[3]

· The dropout rate has fallen 3% from 1990 to 2010 (12.1% to 7.4%).[4]

· The percentage of graduating Latino students has significantly increased. In 2010, 71.4% received their diploma vs. 61.4% in 2006. However, Asian-American and white students are still far more likely to graduate than Latino & African-American students.[5]

· A high school dropout will earn $200,000 less than a high school graduate over his lifetime. And almost a million dollars less than a college graduate.[6]

· In 2010, 38 states had higher graduation rates. Vermont had the highest rate, with 91.4% graduating. And Nevada had the lowest with 57.8% of students graduating.[7]

· Almost 2,000 high schools across the U.S. graduate less than 60% of their students.[8]

· These “dropout factories” account for over 50% of the students who leave school every year.[9]

· 1 in 6 students attend a dropout factory. 1 in 3 minority students (32%) attend a dropout factory, compared to 8% of white students.[10]

· In the U.S., high school dropouts commit about 75% of crimes.[11]

· On average, each person in U.S. who does not receive a high school diploma dies about 10 years sooner than the diploma student, and the non-diploma student will cost society about 1.2 million dollars in lost wages, taxes, and health costs.

· About 75% of state prison inmates and 59% of federal inmates did not graduate from high school. In the U.S. we spend onaverage $30,000 per year per inmate and less than $10,500per year per student.

· A large proportion of dropouts could be academically successful; in fact up to one-fifth of them may be gifted.

Elementary School Curtain Closing (grade 3)

Middle School Curtain Closing (grade 6)

High School Curtain Closing (grade 9)

High School Curtain Closing (grade 9+)

We know that far too many students dropout of school and students from high-poverty situations drop out at the highest rate......the question is what are we doing to fix it and help them get to graduation?

Elementary School Dropout Prevention

Middle School Dropout Prevention

High School Dropout Prevention

Graduation rate is a key indicator for school performance for high schools in most states. Effective high schools have structures and processes in place to prevent students from getting behind academically and they also have solutions to allow students the opportunity to catch up when they've fallen behind. Many schools offer credit recovery options such as online courses, credit recovery software, hybrid block classes to earn additional credits, a "0" period or "9th" period to offer the potential to gain credits before or after school, dual enrollment with local community colleges, and online courses to give students that have to work the opportunity to continue their progress toward graduation.

Elementary Model with Focused Literacy Intervention Periods

Elementary Model with Multiple I/E Periods

Middle School Recovery Model

MIddle School With Enhancement/Recovery Period Embedded

Middle School With Focused I/E Blocks

High School 30-Day Recovery

High School With 45-Day Intensives

High School With Enhancement Blocks

Inter-Sessions Model

This is an alternative approach to scheduling within a master schedule framework. This uses data and formative assessments to design purposeful intervention strategies for 5 days out of every quarter of instruction.

References:1. Miller, Tony. "Partnering for Education Reform." U.S. Department of Education. Accessed February 18, 2015. . 2. Silver, David, Marisa Saunders, and Estela Zarate. "What Factors Predict High School Graduation in the Los Angeles Unified School District." Attendance Counts. Accessed February 18, 2015. . 3. BANCHERO, STEPHANIE. "High-School Graduation Rate Inches Up." The Wall Street Journal. Accessed February 27, 2014, 4. U.S. Department of Education. "Fast Facts: Dropout Rates." Institute of Education Sciences. Accessed February 26, 2014, 5. Resmovits, Joy. "Graduation Rate Hits Record High For High School Students: Government Report." The Huffington Post. Accessed February 26, 2014. 6. Cheeseman Day, Jennifer, and Eric C. Newburger. "The Big Payoff: Educational Attainment and Synthetic Estimates of Work-Life Earnings." United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 26, 2014, 7. Layton, Lyndsey. "National public high school graduation rate at a four-decade high." Washington Post. Accessed February 26, 2014, 8. Balfanz, Robert, and Nettie Legters. "LOCATING THE DROPOUT CRISIS ." Center for Social Organization of Schools at Johns Hopkins University's School of Education. Accessed February 26 26,2014, 9. Sparks, Sarah D.. "Study Points to Fewer 'Dropout Factory' Schools." Education Week. Accessed February 18, 2015. 10. Balfanz, Robert, and Nettie Legters. "LOCATING THE DROPOUT CRISIS ." Center for Social Organization of Schools at Johns Hopkins University's School of Education. Accessed February 26, 2014, 11. Smiley, Travis. "Fact Sheet: Is the Dropout Problem Real?." Travis Smiley Reports. Accessed February 26, 2014.